While some of the ideas pursued in the Active Perception Laboratory have a long history, their importance in visual perception has become apparent and susceptible to precise experimental analysis only recently. As researchers in the Active Perception Laboratory approached these research questions, an important obstacle to testing theoretical predictions was the incapability of precisely controlling retinal image motion during natural fixation. Traditional systems came with major technical limitations. For example, available techniques for retinal stabilization gave no access to the quality of the manipulation, which critically depended on how the subject executed complicated calibration procedures.

An important component of work in the Active Perception Laboratory has been the development of new tools and techniques for better measuring eye movements and manipulating visual input signals. Most notably, we have:

  • Developed a general-purpose system for gaze-contingent control display, which has opened the way to experiments not feasible with previous methods (Santini et al, 2007, read more).


  • Implemented new techniques for localizing the line of sight, which provide a precision improvement of more than one order of magnitude over standard methods (Poletti et al, 2013; supplemental material). Use of these methods has led to a new understanding of the functions of ocular drift and microsaccades.


  • Developed a new system for recording microscopic head movements (Aytekin and Rucci, 2012). Use of this system has shown that even small fixational head movements contribute significant depth information in the space nearby the observer.This system has been integrated with Virtual Reality googles.
  • VR&HeadTracking


  • We are currently working on the development of two high-resolution eye-trackers, a video-based digital Dual Purkinje Image system, and a redesigned coil system for high-precision head-free measurements.


The Active Perception Laboratory is equipped with extensive computational and experimental facilities. Some of the tools present in the laboratory are listed below.
EEG
An ActiveTwo EEG with 64 active electrodes (Biosemi) with a Polhemus 3D digitizer for source localization. The EEG system is interfaced with EyeRIS, our system for gaze contingent display control.


EEG1
EEG2
Biorobotics
J5 is a binocular pan/tilt system specifically designed to replicate human eye movements.

Two mobile cameras, each with two degrees of freedom, are controlled by microprocessors with high spatial and temporal resolutions. The spatial precision of movement is higher than 1 arcmin.
Cameras provide input to a high-performance frame grabber with real-time image processing capabilities.



MrT
Psychophysics
The Active Perception Laboratory possesses extensive psychophysical facilities, which include the following:

DPI eyetracker


ET1
ET2
  • EyeRIS (Eye movement Real-time Integrated System), a in-house developed system for gaze-contingent display control. This hardware and software system allows flexible real-time modification of the stimulus according to subject's eye movements with refresh rates up to 200Hz.
EyeRIS1

Check EyeRIS page for details.
EyeRIS2

  • A stimulus deflector, an optico-electronic device for retinal stabilization. This system uses a set of mirrors to translate the image according to the subject's eye movements and maintain the stimulus at a fixed location on the retina.

Stimulus Deflector
Eye Coil system
A Revolving Field Monitor to record eye movements and head movements with high resolution.


Coil1
Coil2
Virtual reality googles
An Oculus VR (SDK1) for experiments involving a 3D virtual environment.
VR
Head-tracking system
A PhaseSpace Motion Capture system for high resolution head-tracking.
HeadTracking